Conditional De-escalation Zones and Humanitarian Aid in Syria

Turkey Russia and Iran ink deal on Syria de-escalation zones

The Kazakhstan agreement calls for setting up four zones in northern, central and southern Syria.

The United States is not party to the agreement and no Syrian opposition groups have signed on to the deal, which is supposed to go into effect at midnight Friday. "We can not accept it to act as a guarantor", Abu Zaid said in a press conference.

The creation of de-escalation zones "should not affect the rights of Syrians to seek and enjoy asylum" in other countries, according to the statement.

He said the US -led coalition aircraft would still be able to operate against the Islamic State group in specific areas.

Russia, Turkey and Iran are to enforce the zones, but Russian general staff official Col. -Gen.

The memorandum agreed during talks in Astana does not specify a start date for the implementation of the zones, but calls on the signatories to form a joint working group within two weeks.

"We hope it is going to be concrete in the next two weeks for the resumption of the Geneva talks", the United Nations envoy said.

Moscow said that it was talking to "Jordan and a number of other countries" to sign up as backers of the initiative. However, a member of the rebel delegation left the room, shouting against regime ally Iran.

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While Turkey, which supports Syrian rebels, and Iran, which backs Syrian President Bashar Assad, agreed earlier in the day to Russia's proposal for "de-escalation zones" in Syria, the US responded with cautious skepticism. They also questioned whether the plan could lead to Syria's disintegration.

Rebels fighting to topple Assad are enraged by Iran's role in the deal and blame the Shiite power for fueling the sectarian nature of Syria's conflict, now in its seventh year.

The "de-escalation zones" to be established in Syria will be closed to military aircraft from the US -led coalition, the Russian official who signed the agreement also said Friday. Under the plan, Assad's air force - and presumably Russian, too - would also halt flights over those areas.

Russian Federation said aircraft in the USA -led coalition against the Islamic State will be prohibited from operating above the planned "de-escalation zones" in Syria.

Separately, a Syrian monitoring group and an official with a USA -backed force said on Thursday that Kurdish-led fighters have captured all parts of a Tabqa, a northern town in Syria that was held by ISIS.

Under the Russian plan, safe zones would be established in rebel-held territory in the north-western province of Idlib, in parts of Homs province in the centre, in the south, and in the opposition enclave of Eastern Ghouta near Damascus, the AFP news agency reported.

The tentative agreement is no guarantor of relief for Syrians; government forces have previously stopped aid from reaching civilians during a ceasefire, and most of the country's medical infrastructure is destroyed or vastly diminished.

Russia's air force will continue strikes against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) elsewhere in the country, according to the Russian defence ministry.