These clubs voted against the reduced Premier League transfer window

Premier League transfer spending has increased steeply since 2013

The 2018 window will close on the Thursday August 9, two days before the first match of the next campaign, and the new rule applies only to buying players.

Closing the window before the start of the domestic season would avoid the situation that arose when Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain played in Arsenal's 4-0 away defeat by Liverpool and then joined the Merseyside club less than a week later.

Premier League clubs' transfer spending this summer as a proportion of their estimated revenue for the 2017/18 season is 31%.

While the opinions of figures from Europe's other top leagues (Spain and France) aren't yet clear, it's beginning to look like the rumor mill will stop churning a little earlier next year.

'For the regularity of the season, it's better because you can have a player who you could play against three times if the transfer window is not closed when you start the season.

Dortmund were forced into a late reaction in the transfer market this summer following Ousmane Dembele's €105 million transfer to Barcelona. Serie A's total of 735 million pounds was the next highest figure, followed by Ligue 1 at 590 million, the Bundesliga at 510 million and La Liga, where the window closes on Friday, at 500 million.

We did have managers' meetings before the season started.

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As confirmed in an official release from the league, the deadline for incoming deals and new player registration for next summer and beyond will close at 17.00 BST on the Thursday before fixtures are slated to begin.

The vote was not unanimous and clubs will still be able to sell players until the end of the normal window.

Watzke added: "The transfer period's just too long".

"Importantly, and when analyzed in the context of generating record broadcast, commercial and matchday revenues, Premier League clubs are spending well within their means", Dan Jones, a partner in Deloitte's Sports Business Group, said.

For example: Southampton fans are yet to see Virgil van Dijk play a single minute of football this season.

"What is certain is that it's good that everyone has the same date", he said. This staggering of transfer window closings already exists to a limited extent in Europe - the Turkish league closed September 8 and Portuguese clubs can transfer players until September 22 - and among proponents of the concept are UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin and Borussia Dortmund managing director Hans-Joachim Watzke.