Nine out of ten cancer cases 'could be prevented with smear test'

West Ham Ladies issue rallying cry for women to attend their smear test during Cervical Cancer Prevention Week as they want to help save lives

"Actually have a vaccine that protects against 9 different types of HPV that both boys and girls can get when they're young and we actually recommend that they get that when they're a preteen, so before they ever become sexually active and that can prevent them from getting HPV which then can prevent them from getting cervical cancer", says Dr. Gretchen Stiefel.

Cervical screening isn't a test for cancer; it's a test to check the health of the cells of the cervix (the entrance to the womb).

Dr Mearns added: "It is really important for women to understand the importance of attending cervical screening when they receive a letter from their GP as it can detect pre-cancer abnormalities, which, if left untreated, may develop into cancer". The best way to find cervical cancer early is to have regular screening with a Pap test. According to the National Cervical Cancer Coalition, 13 thousand. women will be diagnosed and 4 thousand die each year from the disease. One reason for this is because HPV can cause other types of cancers such as anal, oropharyngeal and head and neck cancers, as well as genital warts.

The rate of surviving cervical cancer is approximately 68% and it hugely depends on how early the cancer is detected.

In the past few years, the recommendations for cervical cancer screening have been revised.

Cervical Cancer is the most common cancer in women under 35 and is one of the only cancers that can be prevented. The test can identify if you have human papillomavirus, also known as HPV, or cervical cancer. This encouragement stems from the fact that the vaccine only works on HPV strains that a person has not been exposed to because the vaccine does not treat existing infections or HPV-associated diseases.

Pearls of Wisdom, a symbol aimed at raising awareness of cervical cancer, will also be distributed at the Cork event.

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Every woman over 25 is eligible for a smear test so contact your local GP to book one in.

Parents should speak with their children's health care provider about the HPV vaccine at the 11-to 12-year-old well child visit.

Changes in your vaginal discharge are not just a signal of infection and inflammation; changes in the smell, colour, and consistency of your discharge can also be the precursor of this life-threatening cancer.

According to Duska, media reports that link the vaccine to death and Guillain-Barré syndrome are not supported by the medical literature and the federal government - which investigates every death that may be vaccine-related - has found no deaths associated to the HPV vaccine.

"There are different state programs called Vaccine for Children and the ACA and other measures helped to strengthen these programs, so the vaccine is free for those who can not afford it", Malpass said.

In Charlottesville, many efforts are underway to help spread awareness about cervical cancer. Increased understanding about these topics can help to refute misconceptions and fears.

Who is likely to get HPV?